This particular closeness between the individual and God is paramount in belief as well as in practice. Qur'an 16:90, "What did the Prophet do when in his house? Islam, founded on individual and collective morality and responsibility, introduced a social revolution in the context in which it was first revealed. The element of forbearance and forgiveness has to be predicated on knowledge, awareness, and truth. the angels said: "O Mary! Leaders are responsible for the application of these principles and are accountable to God and man for their administration. Individual obligations must be met before one can claim a portion from the community of which he is part. It must also be noted that certain social practices in some Muslim countries are not required by Islam, but have simply evolved in the course of time as a result of indigenous cultural factors. Lo! Above all, Islam seeks to inculcate within every Muslim the need to seek justice and to apply it to himself as well as to others. The Islamic calendar is unique among the major calendars of the world. As men hurriedly left their flocks and businesses to fight for Islam, women readily assumed the burdens and responsibilities of the home. God and Muhammad were at the very top, God being the first and foremost. She said, 'He served his wife." Social System of Islam Islamic system portrays a true reflection of just and moral system and advocates the principle of equality applied to all regardless of their faith. Every Muslim is accountable to his Creator for what he himself does or fails to do—as well as for others for whom he may be accountable—and for things that he has control over. They also noticed that the material forms were manifested in western woman and she manifested them, so they imitated her or tried to imitate her without realising that these forms agreed with the western culture, its concepts about life, and its depiction of life which contradict with the culture of Islam, its concepts about life, and its depiction of life. The following equation can be used to calculate the Hijrah year in which the corresponding Gregorian year began: The Islamic calendar was devised in the seventh century in response to the exigencies of governing the far-flung Abbasid empire. According to this they called for the total segregation (Hijab) of women preventing them from seeing or being seen by anyone. In Islam, Al-Thimma system has run its course in a world (Aramco World Magazine, July-August 1994; photo Nik Wheeler). Social concept of Islam aims at the development of an individual and hence the development of whole Muslim community. The perception of many people, especially the Muslims, of the social system in Islam became Their understanding became far removed from the reality of Islam due to their alienation from its thoughts and rules. They were completely ignorant of the thoughts and rules of Islam, which relate to the meeting of the man and the woman. The evil effect of this faction, spread to the other factions in society. As for the cause of this confusion, and deviation from the correct understanding, it is attributable to the crushing onslaught of Western culture. Be careful of your duty toward Allah in who ye claim (your rights) of one another. Sign up to receive the latest publications, event invitations, and our weekly newsletter delivered to your inbox. It also was created, not incidentally, to glorify the triumph of the new religion. The month of Rajab, for example, could occur in summer in one year and the middle of winter 15 years later. It is therefore not sufficient to be pious without performing deeds which demonstrate one's beliefs. A woman's right to own property is just as absolute as a man's. Nothing in Islam prevents a woman from accomplishing herself or attaining her goals. 2. Social structure in the Islamic Empire was less strict than other empires', such as the Medieval Europeans', but it was still there. (Aramco World Magazine, January-February 1998; photo Kevin Bubriski). Many people overstep the mark and apply the term 'social system' to all systems of life. But the relativity of human justice is not to be confused with the absoluteness of divine justice whose application every Muslim expects without fail on judgment day. In societies which by tradition provide few protections outside the family, they insure a woman's integrity and dignity. The following holidays are observed among Muslim communities throughout the world: They gave the Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) about his (pbuh) shaking the hands of woman in the Bay’a, his Ahadith about the 'Awrah of women and his (pbuh) societal transactions (Mu’amalat) with women, interpretations that agreed with what they intended for women and not what was required by the Hukm Shar'i. Many books were written demonstrating the societal solution and amendments were made to the laws of the Shari'ah courts and electoral systems. Other calendars in use at the time were tied to other states and religions, and so, the historian al-Biruni tells us, the caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab decided to develop a new calendar based on the advent of Islam, taking July 16, 622 A.D., the date of the Hijrah or the Prophet's sojourn from Mecca to Madina, as the starting point of the calendar of the Muslim era. Many Muslims attempted to transfer western culture without understanding it, like the one who copies a book restricting Himself just to the writing of words and letters. Shawwal This is because the Islamic society considers the extra-marital relationship as one of the grave sins (Kaba'ir) for which there is severe punishment; either flogging or stoning to death. It is because of that concept that Islam under the Sunni tradition does not have an ordained clergy. Behold! Umar asked the man if what he wanted to discuss was personal. The lunar calendar is comprised of 12 lunar months like the calendar based on the solar year. However, the fact that there is not absolute parity in all rights and privileges does not mean that women do not share an overall equality with men. Collective morality is expressed in the Qur'an in such terms as equality, justice, fairness, brotherhood, mercy, compassion, solidarity, and freedom of choice. Unfortunately our … The advent of Islam fundamentally altered the status of women in several ways. In cases of divorce—in a prominent departure from traditional practice—women have exclusive guardianship rights over children up to early puberty. Each and every Muslim is to contribute to the welfare of society. 2 1.2 THE SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM . Qur'an 3:92. Dhu al-Qi'dah The foundations of the social system of Islam, rest on the belief that all human beings are equal and constitute one single fraternity. Thus the social system addresses the relationships that result from men and women meeting and not from their interests (Masalih) in society, and it clarifies all that branches out from this relationship. First, and most importantly, it overturned tradition by according women equal status before Allah. Serve God, and join not any partners with Him; and do good—To parents, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near, neighbours who are strangers; the companion by your side, the way-farer (ye meet), and what your right hands possess: For God loveth not the arrogant, the vainglorious;— As in Western legal codes, individual responsibility is predicated on the intent and motive of the actor in light of his ability to do good and to avoid evil or harm to others. This happened inspite of the existence of scholars in the Ummah, who are of the foremost Mujtahidin and scholars of mazahib in terms of their knowledge and erudition, and in spite of the existence of an intellectual and legislative wealth at the disposal of Muslims which is unparalleled compared to any other wealth of any other nation. It also considers the one who commits this sin as an outcast, and a deviant who is looked upon with loathing and contempt. Social System An Islamic society is the society whose members have faith in Islam, apply its laws in their life, abide by its moral standards of love, brotherhood, equality, mercy, and trust, performing religious duties and abstaining from doing what is unlawful. Jumada al-Awwal That is why the social system is confined to the system which demonstrates the organisation of the woman's meeting with the man and vice versa, and organises the woman's relationship with the man and vice versa. As for the meeting of a man with a woman and vice versa, it is from this meeting that problems and relationships arise which need to be organised by a system. Blind fanaticism concerning the Hijab of women reached the point where they advocated restrictions over women, not giving them permission to leave their house, or to undertake the fulfilment of their needs, or pursue matters themselves. It was feared that the Muslim household would lose its Islamic character, and the Muslim family would lose the guidance of the thoughts of Islam, and stray from valuing its rules and thoughts. In fact it is incumbent on believers to fulfill this duty of service to those who need their help. All of this had no effect in holding back those bent on transferring and imitating from their error, or in convincing the narrow minded, of the Islamic opinion which had been derived correctly by a mujtahid, as long as it disagreed with what they wanted women to do. It preaches the true human values. Qur'an 4:36, "Actions are but by intention and every man shall have but that which he intended." That is why Muslims are encouraged to forgive the bad deeds of others committed against them. 2 1.3.1 Responsibilities To Society . If we look deeply into the global crises, it will come out of hidden text that these are numberless. In time, of course, social barriers will disappear—as they are disappearing now—because Muslim women will expect and demand it. 'Id al-Adha, the Feast of Sacrifice, also known as the Great Feast, falls seventy days after 'Id al-Fitr, on the 10th of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah. In one of the Prophet's Hadiths it is stated that a person could do such evil during his lifetime that there might be between him and the doors to hell only one step and then he could repent and ask for God's forgiveness and do one good deed and enter heaven. The meaning of the Hadith is to emphasize that, even though a person may do good throughout his life, he should never be absolutely certain that the good he has done all along is sufficient to carry him through; he should not forget that one bad deed could overcome all the good ones. 2 1.3 RESPONSIBILITIES. Their lack of awareness of the intrinsic difference between the Islamic and Western cultures led to transference and imitation. 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