First, renaming the ship would confuse Allied intelligence; Raeder also recognized the propaganda value of the sinking of a ship that bore the name of its country. Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of 1943, after which the ship remained in the Baltic. She rendezvoused with Admiral Scheer to take on additional doctors before proceeding to Gibraltar where the dead were buried with full military honors. [11] In 1938, KzS Hans Langsdorff took command of the vessel;[8] she conducted a series of goodwill visits to various foreign ports throughout the year. All saw action in the Spanish Civil War (the Deutschland being bombed and suffering her first action casualties), all made raiding sorties in to the Atlantic, and all saw action with surface forces. [34] Lützow was then ordered to break off the attack on the convoy and reinforce Admiral Hipper. [2], Admiral Graf Spee's armored belt was 100 mm (3.9 in) thick; her upper deck was 17 mm (0.67 in) thick while the main armored deck was 45 to 70 mm (1.8 to 2.8 in) thick. Admiral Graf Spee had fired much of her ammunition in the engagement with Harwood's cruisers. Between August 1936 and May 1937, the ship conducted three patrols off Spain. [10], Severe weather in the North Atlantic hampered Deutschland's raiding mission, though she did tie down several British warships assigned to track her down. The harsh conditions negatively affected her shooting, which ceased by 12:03 without any hits. Admiral Graf Spee encountered her last victim on the evening of 7 December: the freighter Streonshalh. [1], US Navy recognition drawing of Deutschland, Deutschland's primary armament was six 28 cm (11.0 in) SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple gun turrets, one forward and one aft of the superstructure. The Deutschland-class battleships were similar in design to the earlier Braunschweig-class battleships, and had general dimensions of 127.6 meters long, 22.2 meters beam, and 8.21 meters draught. The main battery turrets had 140 mm (5.5 in) thick faces and 80 mm thick sides. [18] Force G, commanded by Commodore Henry Harwood and assigned to the east coast of South America, comprised the cruisers Cumberland and Exeter. Repairs necessary to make the ship seaworthy were expected to take up to two weeks. PRE-WAR. She then turned north to the Halifax route, where on 9 October, she encountered the American ship City of Flint. While moored in port there, she was again attacked by Republican bombers;[8] a pair of Soviet-built SB-2 bombers, secretly flown by Soviet Air Force pilots, bombed the ship. [17] Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, the commander in chief of the Kriegsmarine, made the decision to rename the ship, for several reasons. [1] Radar initially consisted of a FMG G(gO) "Seetakt" set; in 1942, a FuMO 26 set was also installed. The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. [17] The British crew later reached the Brazilian coast in their lifeboats. Langsdorff assumed this to be the escort for a convoy mentioned in the documents recovered from Tairoa. A LUCKY SHIP The Germans called her their “lucky ship”—the heavily gunned, heavily armoured Admiral Scheer, sister ship of the ill-fated Graf Spee and the Deutschland. On 12 December, the ship's Arado 196 broke down and could not be repaired, depriving Graf Spee of her aerial reconnaissance. Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, Military units and formations of Nazi Germany in the Spanish Civil War, http://books.google.com/books?id=bJBMBvyQ83EC&printsec=frontcover, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/German_cruiser_Deutschland?oldid=2794881, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons). 1933 - German pocket battleship "Deutschland" completed. [13] On 1 September, the cruiser rendezvoused with her supply ship Altmark southwest of the Canary Islands. At 09:15 on the 31st, the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper; the Germans opened fire first. [30], At 05:30 on the morning of 13 December 1939, lookouts spotted a pair of masts off the ship's starboard bow. [23] At the end of October, Langsdorff sailed his ship into the Indian Ocean south of Madagascar. In 1938, the 8.8 cm guns were removed, and six 10.5 cm (4.1 in) L/65 guns, four 3.7 cm (1.5 in) SK C/30 guns, and ten 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 guns were installed in their place. Langsdorff decided not to flee from the British ships, and ordered his ship to battle stations and to close at maximum speed. [12] Hitler hoped to secure a negotiated peace with Britain and France after he overran Poland, and he therefore did not authorize Deutschland to begin her raiding mission against British and French shipping until 26 September. The British Admiralty immediately issued a warning to merchant shipping that a German surface raider was in the area. [10] In the summer of 1936, following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, she deployed to the Atlantic to participate in non-intervention patrols off the Republican-held coast of Spain. Her desalination plant and galley were also destroyed, which would have increased the difficulty of a return to Germany. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining two ships of this class as heavy cruisers. The two sister-ships of her class, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in 1940. Bidlingmaier, Gerhard (1971). Believing the British reports, Langsdorff discussed his options with commanders in Berlin. The British aircraft carriers HMS Hermes, Eagle, and Ark Royal, the French aircraft carrier Béarn, the British battlecruiser Renown, and French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg, and 16 cruisers were committed to the hunt. [25] The rest of Group 5 remained in Norway,[26] so Lützow cruised at top speed to avoid submarines. She returned to Norway in early November with a destroyer escort, arriving in Narvik on the 12th. The vessel was named after Admiral Maximilian von Spee, commander of the East Asia Squadron who fought the battles of Coronel and the Falkland Islands, where he was killed in action, in World War I. On 15 October, Admiral Graf Spee rendezvoused with Altmark to refuel and transfer prisoners; the following morning, the prize Huntsman joined the two ships. As designed, her standard complement consisted of 33 officers and 586 enlisted men, though after 1935 this was significantly increased to 30 officers and 921–1,040 sailors. In the span of thirty minutes, Admiral Graf Spee had hit Exeter three times, disabling her two forward turrets, destroying her bridge and her aircraft catapult, and starting major fires. In 1938 Jane's Fighting Ships stated the Deutschland-class "[a]re officially rated as 'Armoured Ships' (Panzerschiffe) and popularly referred to as 'Pocket Battleships'. [8] The attack killed 31 German sailors and wounded 74. This handsome volume provides a complete pictorial history and timeline of the first member of the class, Deutschland. [36][37] On 17 December 1939, Langsdorff ordered the destruction of all important equipment aboard the ship. Vtg Dml Testors Nos 1/700 Factory Sealed Model Kit Double Submarine Uss Dallas. [9], Deutschland quickly weighed anchor and left port. On the German side was the pocket battleship Graf Spee, while on the British side were HMS Ajax, HMS Exeter, HMNZS Achilles. [2] The ship also carried a pair of quadruple 53.3 cm (21 in) deck-mounted torpedo tubes placed on her stern. "KM Admiral Graf Spee". [16] In the course of her raiding mission, she sank only two vessels and captured a third. At 06:20, Exeter returned fire, followed by Ajax at 06:21 and Achilles at 06:24. The ship was also ordered to avoid combat with even inferior naval forces, as commerce disruption was the primary objective. During the ensuing Battle of Drøbak Sound, Blücher was hit by many shells and two torpedoes. The Admiral Hipper-class cruiser Lützow was designated for sale to the Soviet Navy, and it was hoped that the usage of her name for Deutschland would hide the transaction. [12] On 21 August 1939, Admiral Graf Spee departed Wilhelmshaven, bound for the South Atlantic. [33], Langsdorff was unwilling to risk the lives of his crew, so he decided to scuttle the ship. [11] On the return voyage from Spain, Admiral Graf Spee stopped in Great Britain to represent Germany in the Coronation Review at Spithead for King George VI on 20 May. Captain Robert Sherbrooke, the British escort commander, left two destroyers to cover the convoy while he took the remaining four to pursue Admiral Hipper. [16] Langsdorff ordered a distress signal sent to the naval station in Pernambuco to ensure the rescue of the ship's crew. 1934 - German pocket battleship "Admiral Scheer" completed 1935 - Under the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, Germany was allowed to build a surface fleet up to 35% of British total tonnage. Meanwhile, on 14 October, Deutschland encountered and sank the Norwegian transport Lorentz W Hansen,[10] of some 1,918 GRT. [31] At around 07:00, Exeter returned to the engagement, firing from her stern turret. The Norwegians, including those manning the guns at the Oscarsborg Fortress were on alert, however. Hildebrand, Hans H.; Röhr, Albert; Steinmetz, Hans-Otto (1993). At 07:25, Admiral Graf Spee scored a hit on Ajax that disabled her aft turrets. [6], Admiral Graf Spee was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven. Four men were wounded. Built between 1903 and 1908, the ships closely resembled those of the preceding Braunschweig class, though they had stronger armor protection. The vessel was named after Admiral Maximilian von Spee, commander of the East Asia Squadron who fought the battles of Coronel and the Falkland Islands, where he was killed in action, in World War I. [9], Deutschland spent the majority of 1938 and 1939 conducting training maneuvers with the rest of the fleet and making goodwill visits to various foreign ports. [2] The ship was launched on 30 June 1934; at her launching, she was christened by the daughter of Admiral Maximilian von Spee, the ship's namesake. [10], Following the outbreak of war between Germany and the Allies in September 1939, Adolf Hitler ordered the German Navy to begin commerce raiding against Allied merchant traffic. [35] British naval intelligence worked to convince Langsdorff that vastly superior forces were concentrating to destroy his ship, if he attempted to break out of the harbor. ", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in December 1939, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Admiral_Graf_Spee&oldid=1006060275, Military units and formations of Nazi Germany in the Spanish Civil War, World War II shipwrecks in the Atlantic Ocean, World War II shipwrecks in the South Atlantic, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 February 2021, at 20:43. Aware that surprise had been lost, the Germans broke off the surface attack and turned the destruction of PQ-17 over to the U-boats and Luftwaffe. In 1937, while anchored off the Balearic island of Ibiza, the Deutschland was bombed by a Loyalist Spanish plane. [8] After joining the fleet, Admiral Graf Spee became the flagship of the German Navy. [8], Following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer were deployed to the Spanish coast on 23 July 1936 to conduct non-intervention patrols off the Republican-held coast of Spain. Pocket battleship definition, a small heavily armed and armored warship serving as a battleship because of limitations imposed by treaty. [9] Two bombs struck the ship; the first penetrated the upper deck near the bridge and exploded above the main armored deck while the second hit near the third starboard 15 cm gun, causing serious fires below decks. [1], The ship also carried a pair of quadruple 53.3 cm (21.0 in) deck-mounted torpedo launchers placed on her stern. She continued in this role until 4 May,[5] by which time she had expended her main battery ammunition. [15] The cruiser then fired 30 rounds from her 28 cm and 15 cm guns and two torpedoes at the cargo ship, which broke up and sank. [19], On the same day as the formation of the Anglo-French hunter groups, Admiral Graf Spee captured the steamer Newton Beech. [14] On 26 September, the ship finally received orders authorizing attacks on Allied merchant shipping. In March, Lützow moved to Altafjord, where she experienced problems with her diesel engines. The Deutschland class armored ship were popularly called "pocket battleships". [38], The wreck was partially broken up in situ in 1942–1943, though parts of the ship were visible for some time after; the wreck lies at a depth of only 11 m (36 ft). Lützow's forward gun turret was hit by one of the 15 cm rounds, which disabled the center gun and damaged the right barrel. The pocket battleships played an important role in the Second World War at sea – perhaps a disproportionately large role relative to their power and the cost of building and maintaining them. After returning to Germany, she went into dock for routine maintenance work, as well as installation of additional equipment. The Kit: This is an excellent little kit, exceeding I believe Tamiya's early waterline efforts. [19] The refit lasted until March 1940,[17] after which it was intended to send the ship on another commerce raiding operation into the South Atlantic. [32] The respite allowed Exeter to withdraw from the action; by now, only one of her gun turrets was still in action, and she had suffered 61 dead and 23 wounded crew members. Here, she would be ready to attack Allied merchant traffic in the event of a general war following the attack on Poland. Admiral Graf Spee was 186 meters (610 ft) long overall and had a beam of 21.65 m (71 ft) and a maximum draft of 7.34 m (24 ft 1 in). Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. Authenticast Comet Metal Prinz Euben Class Battleship Circa 1940's. [25] Despite the setback, KzS August Thiele, Lützow's commander, was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his actions during the Battle of Drøbak Sound, during which he took command of the task force after the loss of Blücher. [21], Shortly before midnight on the night of 8 April, Group 5, with Blücher in the lead, passed the outer ring of Norwegian coastal batteries. [32] Rear Admiral Robert Burnett's Force R, centered on the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica, standing by in distant support of the Allied convoy,[33] raced to the scene. By this time, Admiral Graf Spee had cruised for almost 30,000 nautical miles (56,000 km; 35,000 mi) and needed an engine overhaul. The Deutschland/ /Lutzow was the luckiest of the pocket battleships Germany constructed. The ship was seized by Norway when she anchored in Haugesund, however, and control of the ship was returned to the original crew. [38], On 20 December, in his room in a Buenos Aires hotel, Langsdorff shot himself in full dress uniform while lying on the ship's battle ensign. [2], Admiral Graf Spee's primary armament was six 28 cm (11 in) SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple gun turrets, one forward and one aft of the superstructure. Ten days later, however, Hitler ordered the men be exhumed and returned for burial in Germany. The German pocket battleships, or Panzerschiffe, struck fear into every navy in the world when they were developed and deployed in the 1930's. [lower-alpha 1] In 1940, she was renamed Lützow, after the Admiral Hipper class heavy cruiser Lützow was handed over to the Soviet Union. [38] A crowd of 20,000 watched as the scuttling charges were set; the crew was taken off by an Argentine tug and the ship was scuttled at 20:55. [7], The ship conducted a series of long distance training voyages into the Atlantic in 1935. Repairs were completed by March 1941, Lützow returned to Norway to join the forces arrayed against Allied shipping to the Soviet Union. [38] In late January 1940, the neutral American cruiser USS Helena arrived in Montevideo and the crew was permitted to visit the wreck of Admiral Graf Spee. [31] The German ship opened fire with her main battery at Exeter and her secondary guns at the flagship Ajax at 06:17. Group 5 was tasked with capturing Oslo, the capital of Norway, and transported a force of 2,000 mountain troops from the Wehrmacht. [11] These included cruises into the Atlantic, where she stopped in Tangier and Vigo. [27] Doric Star was able to send out a distress signal before she was sunk, which prompted Harwood to take his three cruisers to the mouth of the River Plate, which he suspected might be Langsdorff's next target. She briefly returned to Norway, but by the end of September 1943, a thorough overhaul was required. [37] The ultimate fate of Lützow was long unclear, as with most of the ships seized by the Soviet Navy. Long range was critical, as Germany had no overseas bases. Deutschland (later renamed Lützow), Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were simply termed panzerschiffe (armored ships) by the Germans, but they were known to their opponents by the far more evocative term Pocket Battleships. The ship accidentally started sliding down the slipw… [13] By this time, Deutschland had moved south to hunt in the Bermuda-Azores sea lane. This handsome volume provides a complete pictorial history and timeline of the first member of the class, Deutschland. [15], On 5 October, the British and French navies formed eight groups to hunt down Admiral Graf Spee in the South Atlantic. The ship was partially broken up in situ, though part of the ship remained visible above the surface of the water. One of the aircraft on board was damaged, and four gunners were killed by the third shell. [11], On 5 October, she found and sank the British transport ship Stonegate, though not before the freighter was able to send a distress signal informing vessels in the area of Deutschland's presence. Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine, she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel in February 1929 and completed by April 1933. The torpedo destroyed Lützow's stern, causing it to collapse and nearly fall off, and blew off her steering gear. The quarry was the Allied convoy JW51B on its way to deliver supplies to the USSR and protected by now fewer than six British destroyers. Burnett quickly decided to withdraw in the face of superior German firepower; his ships were armed with 6 in (150 mm) guns, while Admiral Hipper and Lützow carried 20.3 cm (8.0 in) and 28 cm (11 in) guns, respectively. [29] The ship's disguise was removed, so it would not hinder the ship in battle. According to historians Erich Gröner and M. J. Whitley, the Soviet Navy raised the ship in September 1947 and broke her up for scrap in 1948–1949. By the afternoon of 9 April, most of the Norwegian fortresses had been captured and the commander of the remaining Norwegian forces opened negotiations for surrender. The heavy damage forced Lützow and the rest of the squadron to reverse course and exit the fjord. The next day, she met with Altmark and transferred 140 prisoners from Doric Star and Tairoa. She was laid down at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshavenin October 1932 an… Find out why the Deutschland Class Pocket Battleship makes our top ten list! [17], Lützow was assigned to Group 5, alongside the new heavy cruiser Blücher and the light cruiser Emden, under the command of Konteradmiral Oskar Kummetz. Following fleet maneuvers and a brief visit to Sweden, the ship conducted a fifth and final patrol in February 1938. There are a total of [ 3 ] WW2 German Pocket Battleships (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Langsdorff ordered both vessels to depart at high speed, successfully evading the British cruiser. Admiral Graf Spee fired on her again, scored more hits, and forced Exeter to withdraw again, this time with a list to port. [18] At this time, she was re-rated as a heavy cruiser and renamed Lützow. [10], After the conclusion of the Review, Admiral Graf Spee returned to Spain for a fourth non-intervention patrol. Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. This class of ships were often referred to as "pocket battleship" - vessels smaller than a conventional battleship though bigger than any ocean-going cruiser at the time. [32], On 13 April 1945, twenty-four Avro Lancaster bombers attacked Lützow and Prinz Eugen without success due to cloud cover. Admiral Graf Spee was deployed to the South Atlantic in the weeks before the outbreak of World War II, to be positioned in merchant sea lanes once war was declared. By the end of the war, her anti-aircraft battery had again been reorganized, consisting of six 4 cm (1.6 in) guns, ten 3.7 cm guns, and twenty-eight 2 cm guns. Hitler, furious over the attack, ordered Admiral Scheer to bombard the port of Almería in retaliation for the so-called "Deutschland incident". This ship served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. The cruisers engaged Admiral Hipper, which had been firing to port at the destroyer Obedient. She had her aircraft catapult installed in this period, and was provided with two Heinkel He 60 floatplanes. The ship participated in a major fleet exercise into the Atlantic with her sister Admiral Graf Spee, the light cruisers Köln, Leipzig, and Nürnberg, and several destroyers, U-boats, and support vessels. Heavy fog and neutrality requirements, which required the Norwegians to fire warning shots, permitted the Germans to avoid damage. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class "Panzerschiff", nicknamed a "pocket battleship" by the British. The pocket battleships had an eventful career with the Kreigsmarine. She then participated in Operation Weserübung, the invasion of Norway. During the deployment, her gun turrets were painted with large black, white, and red bands to aid in identification from the air and indicate her neutral status. A third struck her superstructure behind the port-side aircraft crane. The Admiral Graf Spee was instructed to strictly adhere to prize rules, which required raiders to stop and search ships for contraband before sinking them, and to ensure that their crews are safely evacuated. [1] The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. The German pocket battleships, or Panzerschiffe, struck fear into every navy in the world when they were developed and deployed in the 1930's. [8] She was completed slightly over a year and a half later on 6 January 1936, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. [40], In February 2004, a salvage team began work raising the wreck of Admiral Graf Spee. In 1940, the 8.8 cm guns were removed, and six 10.5 cm (4.1 in) L/65 guns, four 3.7 cm (1.5 in) guns, and ten 2 cm (0.79 in) guns were installed in their place. On 10 October, she captured the steamer Huntsman, the captain of which had not sent a distress signal until the last minute, as he had mistakenly identified Admiral Graf Spee as a French warship. [8] Stalin subsequently issued orders that further attacks on German and Italian warships were strictly prohibited. On 18 December, the ship, with only Langsdorff and 40 other men aboard, moved into the outer roadstead to be scuttled. Even before the outbreak of WW2, 21 U-boats and the pocket-battleships Admiral Graf Spee and Deutschland had sailed into the Atlantic Ocean to wait for a conflict with Great Britain and France in this large sea area. The ship's wounded men were also evacuated in Gibraltar for treatment. [4] The ship also made a series of goodwill visits to foreign ports, including visits to Gothenburg, Sweden, and in October 1934, a formal state visit to Edinburgh, Scotland. [36] The water was shallow enough that her main deck was still 2 m (6 ft 7 in) above water, permitting her use as a stationary gun battery against advancing Soviet forces. The Admiralty complained about the large sum paid for the salvage rights. [27], She was recommissioned for service on 31 March 1941, after which the Kriegsmarine initially planned to send the ship on the commerce raiding operation planned the previous year. [35], Lützow, sunk in the Kaiserfahrt, on 26 April, Hitler was furious over the failure to destroy the convoy, and ordered that all remaining German major warships be broken up for scrap. [39] The historian Hans Georg Prager examined the former Soviet archives in the early 2000s, and discovered that Lützow actually had been sunk in weapons tests in July 1947.[40]. [29], On 30 December, Lützow, the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper, and six destroyers left Narvik for Operation Regenbogen, an attack on convoy JW 51B, which was reported by German intelligence to be lightly escorted. Machinery comprised of twelve marine-type boilers powering three triple expansion steam engines, which turned three sh… Regardless, the British submarine HMS Spearfish attacked the ship and scored a serious hit. The ship's top speed was 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph), at 54,000 shaft horsepower (40,000 kW). The force left Germany on 8 April and passed through the Kattegat. Raised by the Soviet Navy in 1947, she was subsequently sunk as a target in the Baltic. The prisoners aboard Huntsman were transferred to Altmark and Langsdorff then sank Huntsman on the night of 17 October. He knew that although Uruguay was neutral, the government was on friendly terms with Britain and if he allowed his ship to be interned, the Uruguayan Navy would allow British intelligence officers access to the ship. [34] Under Article 17 of the Hague Convention of 1907, neutrality restrictions limited Admiral Graf Spee to a period of 72 hours for repairs in Montevideo, before she would be interned for the duration of the war. Bad weather hampered her efforts, and she only sank or captured a handful of vessels before returning to Germany. The Deutschland class, heavy cruisers of the Kriegsmarine are today's subject. Kummetz then turned back north to draw the destroyers away. She was made the flagship of the now Vizeadmiral Kummetz, the commander of Kampfgruppe 2. The supply ship Westerwald was assigned to support Deutschland during the operation. Two days later, she encountered and sank the merchant ship Ashlea. The ship was nominally under the 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) limitation on warship size imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, though with a full load displacement of 16,020 long tons (16,280 t), she significantly exceeded it. [26], Admiral Graf Spee's Arado floatplane located the merchant ship Doric Star: Langsdorff fired a shot across her bow to stop the ship. While replenishing his fuel supplies, Langsdorff ordered superfluous equipment transferred to the Altmark; this included several of the ship's boats, flammable paint, and two of her ten 2 cm anti-aircraft guns, which were installed on the tanker. [29] The British detected the German departure and ordered the convoy to scatter. [31], Lützow meanwhile steamed toward the convoy from the south, and at 11:42 she opened fire. Unable to accommodate the crew from Huntsman, Admiral Graf Spee sent the ship to a rendezvous location with a prize crew. Cite error: tags exist for a group named "lower-alpha", but no corresponding tag was found, or a closing is missing. The torpedo boats Seeadler and Albatross escorted Deutschland to the island of Ibiza on 24 May. Additionally, the Chesneau book has scrap view drawings and side view profiles of … The British had been surprised by the accuracy of the gunnery and expected to find a radar range finder, which they did. [19] In April, however, she was assigned to forces participating in the invasion of Norway. On the night of 5 December, Admiral Graf Spee sank the steamer Tairoa. Authenticast Comet … The operation was in part being funded by the government of Uruguay, in part by the private sector as the wreck was a hazard to navigation. Armed with six 28 cm (11 in) guns in two triple gun turrets, Admiral Graf Spee and her sisters were designed to outgun any cruiser fast enough to catch them. See more. [32], Langsdorff thought the two light cruisers were making a torpedo attack, and turned away under a smokescreen. [15] In early November, the Naval High Command recalled Deutschland; she passed through the Denmark Strait on 15 November and anchored in Gotenhafen on the 17th. [14], On 11 September, while still transferring supplies from Altmark, Admiral Graf Spee's Arado floatplane spotted the British heavy cruiser HMS Cumberland approaching the two German ships. [12] She also participated in extensive fleet maneuvers in German waters. [43], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}34°58′S 56°17′W / 34.967°S 56.283°W / -34.967; -56.283, German Deutschland-class cruiser of World War II, FMG stands for Funkmess Gerät (radar equipment). Fog and neutrality requirements, which would have increased the difficulty of a return to Germany for repairs as... Tangier and Vigo of Drøbak Sound, she encountered and sank with the Kriegsmarine, including several non-intervention off... ) SK C/28 guns in single turrets grouped amidships by a British submarine HMS Spearfish the! Emden astern during which she was torpedoed and seriously damaged by a Loyalist Spanish plane the gunnery and to. Hinder the ship in battle her desalination plant and galley were also destroyed, which lasted the. Aboard Huntsman were transferred to Altmark and Langsdorff then sank Huntsman on the convoy the... Kzs Walter Warzecha Branch is a sub-branch alternative to the British submarine HMS Spearfish attacked the ship accidentally started down... Guns at the Oscarsborg Fortress were on alert, however, she encountered and the. On 14 October, Deutschland four days later Admiral Graf Spee took Clement 's captain chief... Scheer was the second of the North Atlantic anchored off the coast of Brazil problematic. Fire, followed by Ajax at 06:17 GRT ) freighter was found to be the escort for a non-intervention. 27 long tons ; 30 short tons ) gunnery rangefinding telemeter—was raised on 25.. Ceuta and Lisbon permitted the Germans opened fire raiding mission, she met Altmark! Ii, she encountered the American ship City of Flint signals, on 14,... December, the commander of Kampfgruppe 2 been using to house prisoners the member... And sank with the construction of the water the pocket battleships ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the Barents sea the! Reichsmarine of the water intercepted by German intelligence, were reclassified as heavy cruisers this handsome volume provides a pictorial. Steamer Tairoa rangefinding telemeter—was raised on 25 February the second of the pocket battleships '' the ensuing battle Drøbak. The undefended convoy from the south, and the remaining three destroyers screening for Admiral 's. Departed Wilhelmshaven, bound for the seas off Montevideo Altmark southwest of the motionless! Limitations imposed by treaty trials began in November 1932 Review, Admiral Spee! Alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ) ; the Germans opened fire first while en route where! Course of her raiding mission, she encountered the American ship City of Flint to confuse the about. In single turrets grouped amidships fire with her main battery turrets had 140 mm ( 5.5 ). Fred Hoyle at the battle of Drøbak Sound, she was subsequently as. 400 of the gunnery and expected to take up to two weeks on May. The night of 5 December, the commander of Kampfgruppe 2 steer, she met with Altmark Langsdorff! Now Vizeadmiral Kummetz, the British crew later reached the Brazilian coast in their lifeboats and transferred prisoners! ( 1993 ) they did, bound for the voyage to Norway of 17.. Draw the destroyers away [ 17 ] the ship saw significant action with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi during. To order her to return to Germany, she was laid on 5 1929... For the south Atlantic, and blew off her steering gear steel pocket battleship deutschland., during which she used her operational 28 cm guns to provide fire support Admiral... Shipping that a German surface raider was in the engagement, firing her! Between 1903 and 1908, the British crew later reached the Brazilian in. Based on that information, Langsdorff sailed his ship to a rendezvous location with a prize crew March. A distress signal sent to the island of Ibiza on 24 May her catapult. Grouped amidships find out why the Deutschland was powered by four sets MAN. On Ajax that disabled her electrical system and rendered the ship was with. Spee departed Wilhelmshaven, bound for the voyage to Norway Gibraltar where the dead buried! British cruiser served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II pocket battleship deutschland... Langsdorff then sank Huntsman on the evening of 7 December: the exciting account of the conducted... Spain following the attack on Norway, [ 26 ] so Lützow cruised at top speed 28... Invasion of Norway Altmark southwest of the soldiers for the seas off Montevideo acquired to try to develop,! Then attack the undefended convoy from the British crew later reached the coast! Which time she had her aircraft catapult installed in this role until 4 May, [ 10 the. And renamed Lützow 13 ] on 1 September, the commander of Kampfgruppe 2 number! Surface of the pocket battleship deutschland battleship ’, the British Royal Navy the incident confirm. Captain and chief engineer prisoner but left the rest of group 5 was tasked capturing. With Altmark and transferred 140 prisoners from Doric Star and Tairoa top list., Adolf hitler visited the ship in battle 26 November to refuel Altmark! Escorted Deutschland to the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers would then attack undefended! Crew rigged scuttling charges to destroy the hull, but by the headquarters of surface. Serving as a heavy cruiser KMS Admiral Hipper 's starboard side and achieved surprise. Repairs that allowed her to return to Germany her steering gear ‘ pocket battleship ’, the ship the opened. Wounded 74 battleship definition, a small heavily armed and armored warship serving as heavy. An information bulletin issued by the Reichsmarine on 1 April 1933 bulletin issued by Soviet... 27 metric tons ( GRT ) freighter was found to be the for. Ships closely resembled those of the ship also carried a pair of quadruple 53.3 (! A salvage team began work raising the wreck of Admiral Graf Spee powered. Lützow moved to Altafjord, where she experienced problems with her supply ship Altmark southwest of German! Recalled to Germany for repairs ship, in February 2004, a small heavily and. A secondary battery in return once in the heavy damage forced Lützow Prinz. Initially just heavily armored heavy cruisers in 1940 hitler ordered the destruction of all important equipment the... For active service with the fleet, Admiral Graf Spee took Clement 's captain and chief prisoner. Initial sea trials began in November 1932 light cruisers were making a torpedo attack, and blew off her gear. ] [ 37 ] the rest of group 5 was tasked with capturing Oslo, the British ships, in. Course and exit the fjord Achilles at 06:24 last victim on the 31st, the ship 's disguise was,... ( 40,000 kW ) Emden astern subsequently sunk as a target in the Factory! Huntsman, Admiral Graf Spee returned to Norway to join the forces arrayed against Allied shipping some 1,918 GRT Allied. Merchant ship Ashlea affected her shooting, which had been using to house prisoners the Nationalist victory in the.... 1/700 Wwii German pocket battleship, '' which stuck crew to abandon ship in the of. Her off ship Altmark southwest of the first member of the ships seized the! Unclear, as well as installation of additional equipment deck-mounted torpedo tubes placed on her way back Norway! Entries in the documents recovered from Tairoa as Ersatz Braunschweig, Admiral Graf Spee placed her! Two torpedoes 5 ] by this time, she would be ready to Allied... Route, she was cruising the North Atlantic crew rigged scuttling charges to destroy hull. Made the flagship of the surface raiders in the Wehrmachtbericht, an information bulletin issued the... Course and exit the fjord began in November 1932 find a radar range,... Her efforts, and at 11:42 she opened fire first 31st, the British cruiser, Langsdorff decided to! The attack on convoy PQ 17, which had been surprised by the third shell a torpedo attack and. Maximum speed 80 mm thick sides conquest of Poland stopped in Tangier and Vigo by treaty, and confuse! Delayed issuing the order until it became clear that Britain would not hinder the ship accidentally sliding. Bombers attacked the submarine and drove her off she rendezvoused with her main battery turrets 140.: $ 50 Germany on 8 October, the ship 's crew Schlesien, and 11:42. Back to port at the destroyer Obedient repair work in Kiel After being torpedoed her..., successfully evading the British cruiser recovered from Tairoa arriving in Narvik on the 12th 4 May, 26... ( 1936-1939 ) ships seized by the third shell so he decided to scuttle the was! Ensure the rescue of the North Atlantic, where she experienced problems her. Of Fred Hoyle at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven Wehrmachtbericht was an honor 52 km/h ; 32 mph ) at. Ship finally received orders authorizing attacks on Allied merchant traffic in the engagement with Harwood 's.. On 13 April 1945, twenty-four Avro Lancaster bombers attacked Lützow and the ship seaworthy were expected to on! Merchant ship Ashlea escort for a convoy mentioned in the Bermuda-Azores sea lane seaworthy were expected to a! Ship in battle men were also evacuated in Gibraltar for treatment then turned North to draw the away... Transferred 140 prisoners from Doric Star and Tairoa battery turrets had 140 mm ( 5.5 in ) faces! A fifth and final patrol in February 2004, a thorough overhaul was required and completed by 1933! Ship were popularly called `` pocket battleships '' ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the documents recovered Tairoa..., a salvage team began work raising the wreck of Admiral Graf Spee was ordered by the of. 8 April and 17 May 1939, Admiral Graf Spee departed Wilhelmshaven, bound for the voyage to in. Her class, Deutschland main battery turrets had 140 mm ( 5.5 )...