When visiting be sure to look for the murder holes in the Norman Gate archway. It withstood a two month siege during the Barons War in the 1200s. Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. Initially designed to protect from the Norman forces the castle was a motte and bailey. Windsor Castle was built nearly 1000 years ago and is a proper fortress. RMS Windsor Castle was the largest passenger and cargo liner operated by the Union-Castle Line on its Cape Mail service between Britain and South Africa. A defensive structure, the Norman kings did not reside at Windsor Castle until Henry I held a celebration there in 1110. Windsor Castle (seen here) is an official residence of Queen Elizabeth II in the English county of Berkshire. The original Windsor castle (one of nine castles that were created around London) was built in 11th century as a simple mote and baley castle, created predominately from wood. The castle is notable for its long association with the British royal family and for its architecture. The castle also happened to border a forest rich in hunting—considered a kingly sport. Built in 1070 AD, Windsor Castle is the oldest castle that is still actively used today. Prague Castle is the largest castle in the world at 70,000 square meters. Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England, close to London.It is widely known as the site of Windsor Castle, one of the official residences of the British Royal Family.. Windsor Castle was built by William the Conqueror when he was establishing a line of defensive fortifications around London shortly after the Norman Conquest in 1066. When William the Conqueror originally built Windsor Castle in the late 11th century, it was intended as a fortress. By mid-century, the wooden structure was in poor shape, so Henry II began to transform the wooden building into one of solid stone. Built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion, England’s Windsor Castle is the oldest and largest occupied castle in the world. Windsor Castle is a very large castle in England that was built a very long time ago. A royal palace was included by Henry III during the mid 13 th century. It, like most castles, was built primarily to protect the monarch and his or her people. In this lesson, we will learn about the history of the castle and see how the Royal Family still uses it. These awe-inspiring structures are characterized by their strong, fortified walls , often made of stone that is strong enough to remain standing for hundreds or even thousands of years. William the Conqueror built the Royal Residence of Windsor Castle in Berkshire in 11th century after the Norman Conquest in England. 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